CCD Cameras

Reference List


Mooney, P. E., G. Y. Fan, C. E. Meyer, K. V. Truong, D. B. Bui, and O. L. Krivanek (1990) Slow-scan CCD camera for transmission electron microscopy, p.164-165.  In Proc. XIIth Int'l Cong. Elec. Microsc., Seattle, WA, San Francisco Press, Inc.


Tsay, T.-T., R. Inman, B. Wray, B. Herman, and K. Jacobson (1990) Characterization of low-light-level cameras for digitized video microscopy.  J. Microsc. 160:141-159.


Daberkow, I., K. H. Herrmann, L. Liu, and W. D. Rau (1991) Performance of electron image converters with YAG single-crystal screen and CCD sensor.  Ultramicrosc. 38:215-223.


Gursky, H., and G. Fritz (1991) Problems of low-light detection in real-time at high resolution.  Scanning 13:41-46.


de Ruijter, W. J., and J. K. Weiss (1992) Methods to measure properties of slow-scan CCD cameras for electron detection.  Rev. Sci. Instr. 63:4314-4321.


Typke, D., R. Hegerl, and J. Kleinz (1992) Image restoration for biological objects using external TEM control and electronic image recording.  Ultramicrosc. 46:157-173.


Fan, G. Y., and M. H. Ellisman (1993) High-sensitivity lens-coupled slow-scan CCD camera for transmission electron microscopy.  Ultramicrosc. 52:21-29.


Krivanek, O. L., and P. E. Mooney (1993) Applications of slow-scan CCD cameras in transmission electron microscopy.  Ultramicrosc. 49:95-108.


Bounaquisti, A. D. (1994) Digital imaging for TEM part 2 - pro's and con's.  Microsc. Today 2:10-11.


Brink, J., and W. Chiu (1994) Applications of a slow-scan CCD camera in protein electron crystallography.  J. Struct. Biol. 113:23-34.


de Ruijter, W. J. (1995) Imaging properties and applications of slow-scan charge-coupled device cameras suitable for electron microscopy.  Micron 26:247-275.


Downing, K. H. (1995) Progress in design and applications of CCD cameras for electron microscopy.  Microsc. Today 3:12.


Brink, J., and M. W. Tam (1996) Processing of electron diffraction patterns acquired on a slow-scan CCD camera.  J. Struct. Biol. 116:144-149.


Eades, A. (1996) Some reflections on how much information is there on a piece of film, on how film compares with CCD cameras and what features a scanner would need to digitize TEM negatives.  Microsc. Today 4:24-26.


Fan, G. Y., and M. H. Ellisman (1996) Optimization of thin-foil based phosphor screens for CCD imaging in TEM in the voltage range of 80-400 kV.  Ultramicrosc. 66:11-19.


Sherman, M. B., J. Brink, and W. Chiu (1996) Performance of a slow-scan CCD camera for macromolecular imaging in a 400kV electron cryomicroscope.  Micron 27:129-139.


Volki, E., L. F. Allard, T. A. Dodson, and T. A. Nolan (1996) Computer control of transmission electron microscopes: possibilities, concepts and present limitations.  Microsc. Today 4:24-25.


Faruqi, A. R., and H. N. Andrews (1997) Cooled CCD camera with tapered fibre optics for electron microscopy.  Nucl. Inst. Meth. Phys. Res. A 392:233-236.


Sherman, M., and W. Chiu (1997) Reliability of phases retrieved from 400-kV Spot-scan images of purple membranes acquired on a slow-scan CCD camera.  J. Microsc. 188:285-289.


Eades, A. (1998) Some reflections on how much information is there on a piece of film, on how film compares with CCD cameras and what features a scanner would need to digitize TEM negatives.  Microsc. Today 6:18-20.


Downing, K. H., and F. M. Hendrickson (1999) Performance of a 2k CCD camera designed for electron crystallography at 400 kV.  Ultramicrosc. 75:215-233.


Faruqi, A. R., R. Henderson, and S. Subramaniam (1999) Cooled CCD detector with tapered fibre optics for recording electron diffraction patterns.  Ultramicrosc. 75:235-250.


Faruqi, A. R., and G. C. Tyrell (1999) Evaluation of gadolinium oxy-sulphide (P43) phosphor used in CCD detectors for electron microscopy.  Ultramicrosc. 76:69-75.


Inoue, T. (1999) Making the grade: Choosing the right CCD camera chip grade.  Microsc. Today 7:30-31.


Fan, G. Y., and M. H. Ellisman (2000) Digital imaging in transmission electron microscopy.  J. Microsc. 200 ( Pt 1):1-13.


Fan, G. Y., S. Peltier, S. Lamont, D. G. Dunkelberger, B. E. Burke, and M. H. Ellisman (2000) Multiport-readout frame-transfer 5 megapixel CCD imaging system for TEM applications.  Ultramicrosc. 84:75-84.


Faruqi, A. R., and S. Subramaniam (2000) CCD detectors in high-resolution biological electron microscopy.  Quart. Rev. Biophys. 33:1-27.


Hesse, J., H. Hebert, and P. J. Koeck (2000) Evaluation of scanners and CCD cameras for high-resolution TEM of protein crystals and single particles.  Microsc. Res. Tech. 49:292-300.


Koeck, P. J. (2000) Ins and outs of digital electron microscopy.  Microsc. Res. Tech. 49:217-223.


Meyer, R. R., and A. I. Kirkland (2000) Characterisation of the signal and noise transfer of CCD cameras for electron detection.  Microsc. Res. Tech. 49:269-280.


Meyer, R. R., A. I. Kirkland, R. E. Dunin-Borkowski, and J. L. Hutchison (2000) Experimental characterisation of CCD cameras for HREM at 300 kV.  Ultramicrosc. 85:9-13.


Stewart, P. L., R. B. Cary, S. R. Peterson, and C. Y. Chiu (2000) Digitally collected cryo-electron micrographs for single particle reconstruction.  Microsc. Res. Tech. 49:224-232.


Zhang, P., M. J. Borgnia, P. Mooney, D. Shi, M. Pan, P. O'Herron, A. Mao, D. Brogan, J. L. Milne, and S. Subramaniam (2003) Automated image acquisition and processing using a new generation of 4K x 4K CCD cameras for cryo electron microscopic studies of macromolecular assemblies.  J. Struct. Biol. 143:135-144.


Booth, C. R., W. Jiang, M. L. Baker, Z. H. Zhou, S. J. Ludtke, and W. Chiu (2004) A 9 single particle reconstruction from CCD captured images on a 200 kV electron cryomicroscope.  J. Struct. Biol. 147:116-127.


Sander, B., M. M. Golas, and H. Stark (2005) Advantages of CCD detectors for de novo three-dimensional structure determination in single-particle electron microscopy.  J. Struct. Biol. 151:92-105.


Booth, C. R., J. Jakana, and W. Chiu (2006) Assessing the capabilities of a 4kx4k CCD camera for electron cryo-microscopy at 300kV.  J. Struct. Biol. 156:556-563.